Italian Stone Pine, pinus pinea

Italian Stone Pine, pinus pinea
Item# DA-italianstonepine
$4.25
Seed Packages:  This item is currently out of stock!

Product Description

Approximately 0 Seeds available as of Feb. 7, 2014.

Seed Specifications: Purity - 100%; Projected Germination Rate - 98%; Where Harvested (location) - Italy

The Italian Stone Pine or Umbrella Pine is a species of pine native of Southern Europe in the Mediterranean region. This tree has been exploited for its edible pine nuts since prehistoric times. It is also a widespread horticultural tree, besides being cultivated for the seeds. The Italian Stone Pine can exceed 80 feet in height, though is usually rather less tall, 35-65 feet being more normal. It has a very characteristic umbrella-like shape, with a short trunk and very broad, smoothly rounded to nearly flat crown. The bark is thick, red-brown and deeply fissured into broad vertical plates. The flexible mid-green leaves are needle-like, in bundles of two, and are 3-8 inches long (exceptionally up to 12 inches). The cones are broad ovoid, 3-6 inches long, and take 36 months to mature, longer than any other pine. The seeds are large, 1/2 inch to 1 inch long, pale brown with a powdery black coating which rubs off easily, wing which falls off very easily. It is now naturalised in South Africa (where it is listed as an invasive species) and commonly planted in California, Australia, and western Europe north to southern Scotland. On the East Coast of the United States, it can survive as far north as New Jersey, though it will usually suffer significant damage to its foliage during winter that far north. Small specimens are grown in large planters or are used for Bonsai, and year-old seedlings are also widely sold as 7-12 inch tall table-top christmas trees. The Italian Stone Pine has also been called European Nut Pine, Umbrella Pine (not to be confused with the Japanese Umbrella-pine) and Parasol Pine.

Recommended Planting Instructions:

Scarification: Soak in water for 48 hours, change water each day. Stratification: Cold stratify for 60 days, some seeds may germinate during stratification. Germination: Sow seed 1/2" deep, press seed into soil, cover seed, keep moist. Other: stratification may be replaced by a 24 hour cold water soak (40 degrees Fahrenheit).